John Allan ROLLS, 1st. Baron Llangattock

Male 1837 - 1912  (75 years)


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  • Name John Allan ROLLS  [1
    Suffix 1st. Baron Llangattock 
    Born 19 Feb 1837  "Hendre House", Llangatwg Feibion Afel, Monmouthshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Baptism 30 Mar 1837  Parish Church of St Cadocus, Llangatwg Feibion Afel, Monmouthshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Baptism Register 
    Census 1841  "Hendre House", Llangatwg Feibion Afel, Monmouthshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location 
    age 4 years 
    Census 1851  13th. House, Eton School, Eton, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Pupil; Scholar 
    Matriculated 31 May 1855  Christ Church College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    age 18 years 
    Census 1871  "Hendre House", Llangatwg Feibion Afel, Monmouthshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Head; Married; J.P., D.L. 
    Appointed 1875 
    High Sherriff of Monmouthshire 
    Elected Between 1880 and 1885  Westminster, City of Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Member of Parliament for Monmouth 
    Census 1881  South Lodge, St Margaret and St John the Evangelist, Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Head; Married; M.P. 
    Census 1891  "Hendre House", Llangatwg Feibion Afel, Monmouthshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Head; Married; J.P., Independent Gentleman 
    Elevated to the Peerage 1892  [3
    Died 24 Sep 1912  "Hendre House", Llangatwg Feibion Afel, Monmouthshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5
    • General Register Office Index:- September 1/4 1912, Monmouth
    Buried 27 Sep 1912  Parish Church of St Cadocus, Llangatwg Feibion Afel, Monmouthshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Person ID I1820  Silk Weavers and Stay Makers
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2016 

    Father John Etherington Welch ROLLS,   b. 04 May 1807,   d. 27 May 1870, "Hendre House", Llangatwg Feibion Afel, Monmouthshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years) 
    Relationship Natural 
    Mother Elizabeth Mary LONG 
    Relationship Natural 
    Married 26 May 1833 
    Family ID F450  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Georgiana Maria MACLEAN,   b. 1837, Kirkby Overblow, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 01 Apr 1923, "South Lodge", Rutland Gate, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 86 years) 
    Married 20 Oct 1868  The Parish Church of St James the Less, Moreton Street, Pimlico, Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. John MacLean ROLLS,   b. 25 Apr 1870, Mayfair, City of Westminster, St George Hanover Square, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Oct 1916, Boulogne, Pas-de-Calais, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years)  [Natural]
     2. Henry Allen ROLLS,   b. 05 Aug 1871, Mayfair, City of Westminster, St George Hanover Square, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Jun 1916, "South View", Dorset Road, Bexhill-on-Sea, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 44 years)  [Natural]
     3. Eleanor Georgiana ROLLS,   b. 09 Oct 1872, Mayfair, City of Westminster, St George Hanover Square, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1961  (Age 88 years)  [Birth]
     4. Charles Stewart ROLLS, F.R.G.S., F.R.Met.S., M.I.C.E., A.M.I.M.E.,   b. 27 Aug 1877, Mayfair, City of Westminster, St George Hanover Square, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Jul 1910, Southbourne Aerodrome, Bournemouth, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 32 years)
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2016 
    Family ID F451  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 19 Feb 1837 - "Hendre House", Llangatwg Feibion Afel, Monmouthshire, Wales Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - age 4 years - 1841 - "Hendre House", Llangatwg Feibion Afel, Monmouthshire, Wales Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - Head; Married; J.P., D.L. - 1871 - "Hendre House", Llangatwg Feibion Afel, Monmouthshire, Wales Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsElected - Member of Parliament for Monmouth - Between 1880 and 1885 - Westminster, City of Westminster, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - Head; Married; J.P., Independent Gentleman - 1891 - "Hendre House", Llangatwg Feibion Afel, Monmouthshire, Wales Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 24 Sep 1912 - "Hendre House", Llangatwg Feibion Afel, Monmouthshire, Wales Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    John Allan Rolls Baptism Register.jpg
    John Allan Rolls Baptism Register.jpg
    John Allan Rolls and Georgiana Maria Maclean Marriage Register.jpg
    John Allan Rolls and Georgiana Maria Maclean Marriage Register.jpg

  • Notes 
    • From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia John Allan Rolls, 1st Baron Llangattock, DL (19 February 1837 - 24 September 1912) was a Victorian landowner, politician, socialite, local benefactor and agriculturalist. He lived at The Hendre, a Victorian country house north of Monmouth. He was the only son of John Etherington Welch Rolls and his wife Elizabeth Mary Long. Elizabeth was a daughter of Walter Long of Preshaw and granddaughter of William Carnegie, 7th Earl of Northesk. Rolls was educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford,[1] later becoming Captain in the Royal Gloucestershire Hussars Yeomanry Cavalry, and was afterwards appointed honorary colonel of the 4th Welsh Brigade R.F.A. In 1868 he married Georgiana Marcia Maclean in London. She was the daughter of Sir Charles Fitzroy Maclean, 9th Baronet of Morvaren (1798-1883). They lived at The Hendre and they also had a house South Lodge which was at Rutland Gate in London.[2] They had four children: The Hon. John Maclean Rolls (1870-1916) 2nd Baron Llangattock; who died unmarried, killed in action. The Hon. Henry Alan Rolls (1871-1916) The Hon. Eleanor Georgiana Rolls (1872-1961) later the Hon. Lady Shelley-Rolls; she married on 23 April 1898 Sir John Courtown Edward Shelley, later Shelley-Rolls, 6th Baronet, of Castle Goring, Sussex (5 August 1871 - 18 February 1951) and great-nephew of the poet Percy Shelley. In 1917, her husband assumed by Royal Licence the additional surname of Rolls in compliance with the will of his father-in-law, the late Lord Llangattock. However, there were no children of the marriage, and The Hendre eventually passed out of the hands of the Rolls family in the 1980s, having passed through the Harding-Rolls line of the family.[3] The Hon. Charles Stewart Rolls (1877-1910) of Rolls Royce fame and the first British aircraft fatality. Rolls was appointed High Sheriff of Monmouthshire in 1875, and served as MP for Monmouthshire from 1880-1885. In 1892 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Llangattock, of The Hendre in the County of Monmouth.[4] He served as Mayor of Monmouth 1896 - 1897, and his gifts to that town included a large public hall, a gymnasium, and an isolation hospital. In April 1901 he received the Honorary Freedom of the Borough of Monmouth ?in recognition of his many benefactions to the town?.[5] He was also a magistrate and Deputy Lieutenant of that county. He was a Freemason, rising to the position of Provincial Grand Master in 1894. The Masonic Llangattock Lodge (No.2547) was created in his honour in 1895 and took the Rolls motto, Celerias et Veritas (Speed and Truth).[6] He was a breeder of Shire horses and acquired a reputation amongst agriculturalists for his shorthorn and Hereford cattle and Shropshire breeds of sheep. He was a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries and restored several Monmouthshire churches at his own expense.[7] Lord Llangattock was a prominent member of the Anti-Vivisection Society, a position that caused some controversy as illustrated by a letter of 18 May 1901 published in the Journal of the British Medical Association: SIR,-I see that Lord Llangattock, who presided at the annual meeting of the Antivivisection Society on 9 May, gave credence to 'the horrible stories of what takes place in the laboratories of physiology,' denounced vivisection as 'misleading, immoral, and degrading,' and professed 'a sentiment for animals.' Now, I recollect reading in the newspapers last autumn a description of a battue on a large scale, given by Lord Llangattock at his place in Wales, at which a phenomenal number of pheasants were shot for the recreation of Lord Llangattock and his friends, and I should like him to study this little picture of his own dealings with animals, for which he has 'a sentiment' drawn not by a vivisector, but by a man who is a keen and trustworthy observer, and who is in genuine sympathy with all senitient beings.[8] Lord Llangattock's elevation to the peerage confirmed his elevation to the top rank of society. In late October - early November 1900 the Duke and Duchess of York (later King George V and Queen Mary) stayed with Rolls at the Hendre. Lord Llangattock died on 24 September 1912. He was succeeded by his eldest son, John Rolls, 2nd Baron Llangattock, who died of wounds received at the Battle of the Somme in 1916. References 1.^ Venn, Rolls, the Hon. Charles Stewart in Alumni Cantabrigiensesed. Venn 2.^ South Lodge, Country Life, accessed February 2012 3.^ The descent of The Hendre was in a collateral line, descended from the sister of Lord Llangattock's father. 4.^ The London Gazette: no. 26328. p. 5384. 23 September 1892. 5.^ "Court Circular" The Times (London). Thursday, 11 April 1901. Issue 36426, p. 7. 6.^ Full list of lodges: Masonic Province of South Wales - Eastern Division 7.^ Obituary, The Times 25 September 1912 8.^ Journal of the BMA: Correspondence: 9 May 1901

  • Sources 
    1. [S21] The 1841 England, Wales and Scotland Census, taken on the night of the 6th. June 1841.

    2. [S1524] Alumni Oxonienses, The Members of the University of Oxford, 1715-1886, volume3, page 1222.

    3. [S1525] The Western Times Newspaper, Wednesday, September 25, 1912, page 4, Death report.

    4. [S1526] The Nottingham Evening Post Newspaper, Tuesday, September 24, 1912, page 6, Death report.

    5. [S1792] The National Index of Wills and Probate, 1858 - 1996, 1996- present day, Probate Search Service.

    6. [S1527] The Gloucester Citizen Newspaper, Saturday, September 28, 1912, page 6, Funeral report.